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Insurance is a contractual arrangement between an individual or entity (the policyholder) and an insurance company (the insurer) in which the insurer agrees to provide financial protection or compensation for specific potential risks in exchange for regular premium payments. The purpose of insurance is to transfer the risk of potential loss from the policyholder to the insurer.

The policyholder pays premiums, typically on a monthly or annual basis, to the insurance company. In return, the insurer commits to providing financial coverage, known as insurance coverage, for certain events or circumstances that may lead to a loss. These events can include property damage, accidents, illness, disability, death, liability claims, and more, depending on the type of insurance policy.

If the policyholder experiences a covered event or suffers a loss, they can file a claim with the insurance company. If the claim is deemed valid and falls within the terms and conditions of the policy, the insurance company will reimburse or compensate the policyholder according to the agreed-upon coverage and limits stated in the insurance policy.

Insurance plays a crucial role in managing and mitigating financial risks, offering individuals and businesses a sense of security and protection against unexpected and potentially devastating events. It promotes stability and helps individuals and businesses recover from losses without facing complete financial ruin. Common types of insurance include health insurance, auto insurance, homeowners or renters insurance, life insurance, disability insurance, and various forms of business insurance.

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